The Link Between Birth Control Pills & Breast Cancer!
1. What is Birth Control Pills?
Birth Control Pills are contraceptive pills used by women to put off unplanned pregnancies. The main ingredients of the pill are female hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones when ingested work in order to control the function of uterus and ovaries by preventing the process of ovulation.
The Need For Safe, effective birth control is shared by many women around the world. More than 10 million American women use birth control pills.
Besides effectively stopping unwanted pregnancies, birth control pills also help control other conditions, such as acne, PMS, heavy periods, and mood swings. Research also has shown that birth control pills can slightly lower the risk of uterine and ovarian cancer.
Effective, uncomplicated birth control is important for many women.
But it’s also important that birth control be safe. There are concerns that because birth control pills use hormones to block pregnancy they may overstimulate breast cells, which can increase the risk of breast cancer.
The concern is greater if you’re at high risk for breast cancer because of:
- a strong family history of the disease
- past breast biopsies showing abnormal cells
- you or someone in your family has an abnormal breast cancer gene
If you’ve been diagnosed with breast cancer, you SHOULD NOT use contraceptives that use hormones. That’s because there’s evidence that these medicines might increase the risk of cancer coming back (recurrence).
The debate about birth control pills and breast cancer isn’t new. Researchers have been looking at the issue for many years, but the results have been mixed in this article we will talk about some of them, let’s have a look:
- A study looked at whether recent use of birth control pills is linked to a higher risk of breast cancer in women ages 20 to 49.
- The results found that using high-dose estrogen birth control pills in the previous year was linked to a higher risk of breast cancer in these younger women.
- but using birth control pills with a low dose of estrogen (the type of birth control pills that many women take) WAS NOT linked to a higher risk of breast cancer.
The study was published in the Aug. 1, 2014, issue of Cancer Research. Read the abstract of “Recent Oral Contraceptive Use by Formulation and Breast Cancer Risk among Women 20 to 49 Years of Age.”
In Most Cases,
the reports only talked about birth control pills increasing risk and didn’t explain that it was only high-dose estrogen birth control pills. It’s important to know all the details of the study before you draw any conclusions.
The researchers also looked at the type of birth control pills the women were taking, including the dose of hormones and monophasic or triphasic types of pills. Instead of relying on the women remembering what type of birth control pills they took, the researchers looked at the women’s electronic pharmacy records.
Overall, the researchers found that women who had used birth control pills within the previous year had a 50% increase in the risk of breast cancer compared to women who had never or had formerly used birth control pills.
While These Results Sound Very alarming, it’s important to know three things:
1. This risk varied with the formulation of the birth control pills:
- High-dose estrogen birth control pills more than doubled the risk of breast cancer.
- Ethynodiol diacetate (a type of progestin) birth control pills also more than doubled the risk of breast cancer.
- Triphasic birth control pills with an average dose of 0.75 mg of norethindrone (a type of progestin) more than tripled the risk of breast cancer.
- Other types of birth control pills, including low-dose estrogen pills, WERE NOT linked to a higher risk of breast cancer
Only a small number of women in the study were using high-dose estrogen pills:
- 24% of the women were using low-dose estrogen pill
- 78% were using moderate-dose estrogen pills
- less than 1% were using high-dose estrogen pills
2. This increase in risk:
Relative risk tells you how much something you do, such as maintaining a healthy weight, can change your risk compared to your risk:
- if you are very overweight Relative risk can be expressed as a percentage decrease or a percentage increase.
- If something you do or take doesn’t change your risk, then the relative risk reduction is 0% (no difference).
- If something you do or take lowers your risk by 30% compared to someone who doesn’t take the same step, then that action reduces your relative risk by 30%.
- If something you do triples your risk, then your relative risk increases 300%.
Any increase in relative risk needs to be multiplied by a woman’s absolute risk to figure out her real risk.
Most experts agree that:
- an average woman younger than 50 with no family history of breast cancer and no abnormal breast cancer genes has an absolute risk of breast cancer that is less than 2%.
- So if that risk doubled, it would still be less than 4%.
3. This Study Didn’t Take Into Account:
- whether the women had any family history of breast cancer or had an abnormal BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene.
- This is HUGELY important and has made some other researchers question the results of the study.
- This is because we already know that women with a family history of breast cancer or who have an abnormal BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene shouldn’t take birth control pills.
- Since the researchers didn’t account for these factors, it’s impossible to know how much they influenced the results.
Even the study’s lead researcher, Elisabeth Beaber, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, said the results require confirmation.
“Our results should be interpreted cautiously,” she said.
- “Breast cancer is rare among young women and there are numerous established health benefits associated with oral contraceptive use that must be considered.
- In addition, prior studies suggest that the increased risk associated with recent oral contraceptive use declines after stopping oral contraceptives.”
- If you’re a healthy younger woman with an average risk of breast cancer (no family history and no known abnormal breast cancer genes in your family), then taking birth control pills is considered relatively safe for you.
- If you would like to use birth control pills for contraception, ask your doctor about an effective low-dose estrogen pill.
- When your risk is higher for any reason, including being older, then you need to be more careful and avoid anything that could make that risk even higher, including birth control pills.
- That’s why birth control pills aren’t recommended for women who’ve been diagnosed with breast cancer.
- If your breast cancer risk is higher than average for any reason, talk to your doctor about alternative birth control methods.
- Condoms, diaphragms, and non-hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs) such as ParaGard all may be options for you.
No matter which type of birth control you use, ask your doctor if you have any questions about how to use it effectively.
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Disclaimer: “Nothing in this article makes any claim to offer cures or treatment of any disease or illness. If you are sick please consult with your doctor.”
if you want to read more about Breast Cancer and healthy eating and health topics for children and family, Please:
Sources: www.breastcancer.org – America Cancer Society- www.cancer.org
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